Here’s something that probably hasn’t crossed your mind: glute imbalance. According to research, your gluteal muscles can have uneven activation, which can cause a strength and size discrepancy between either side. This can, of course, lead to cosmetic concerns, but it can also increase risk for injury and cause your body to move in non-functional patterns.
According to Bret Contreras, PhD, author of Glute Lab, uneven glutes can be caused by a variety of factors including basic asymmetrical human anatomy, inactivity, and past injuries. Asymmetry can come down to how you move (think: if you favor one leg over the other in your movements), leg length discrepancy and hip differences. In addition, past injuries can end up inhibiting the firing of the glute muscles and without proper rehab of those muscles, you can end up with uneven strength and hypertrophy. You’ll be able to physically see a glute imbalance or feel differences in the muscles firing while completing the single leg exercises included below.
Research shows that the gluteus maximus is important for activities of daily living, explosive movements, and the stability of many joints in the body. In addition, the gluteus maximus serves two important functions: global stabilization and mobilization. That is, it produces force and power for movements as well as controls said movements within the functional range of motion. Glute dysfunction can ultimately lead to biomechanical overload due to the way that your muscles have to overcompensate, in addition to the risks of acute injury from excessive force. If your entire glute muscle (left and right sides) isn’t providing equal stability and mobility, you will run into problems with the mentioned overload and excessive pressure to different joints.
How do you fix glute imbalance? You guessed it… exercise! Specific exercises focused on your weaker glute will do the trick. Below are some solid unilateral ones to include in your workout. Be sure to increase your work volume (more reps, more frequently) on your weaker side to help balance things out. Shoot for 3 sets of 12-15 reps for the weaker side with rest days in between.